Loss of comprehension of auditory, visual, or other sensations
although the sensory sphere is intact; inability to recognize
APRAXIA OF SPEECH:
Neurologic speech disorder reflecting an impairment in the ability to plan or program sensorimotor commands necessary for directing movements of the articulators
(i.e., A disconnect between the brain and mouth).
Sensory process of “taking in” or receiving information
that is external to or within the self-system.
Impairment in the production of sounds in words (i.e., inability to produce specific sounds, substituting one sound for another)
Incoordination of voluntary muscle movements, particularly those
used in reaching and walking.
Pertaining to a wasting of tissues, organs, or the entire body.
AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM (ANS):
Subdivision of the peripheral nervous system (part of the nervous
system that lies outside of the spinal cord and brain). It is
involved in ‘automatic’ activities that are not normally
under conscious control, for example digestion, breathing, control
of blood pressure.
Perception of one’s physical self through proprioceptive
and interoceptive sensations.
Cerebral vascular accident; a lesion in the brain resulting in
paralysis of contralateral side of the body.
Paralysis of similar parts on both sides of the body.
Impairment of voluntary movement
Difficulty in performing purposeful voluntary movements, the nature
and mechanism of which are understood in the absence of motor
or sensory impairment.
Bodily reactions to retain state of balance in relation to gravity.
EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE DISORDER:
Impairment in using written or spoken language
Relaxed; flabby; having defective or absent muscular tone.
Includes stuttering and cluttering. Stuttering is characterized by an abnormally high frequency and/or duration of stoppages in the forward flow of speech (i.e., repetitions of sounds, syllables, or words, blocks of airflow, and prolongations of sounds). Cluttering is characterized by bursts of rapid rates of speech that are unintelligible and disfluent to the listener.
“FRIGHT, FLIGHT, or FIGHT” RESPONSE
A nervous system defensive response to real or perceived danger.
Inability to correlate purpose and accomplishments of tasks.
Conscious perception of movement, weight, resistance, and position
of a body part; also kinesthesis.
MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY (MD):
A broad term that describes a genetic (inherited) disorder of
the muscles. MD causes the muscles in the body to become very
weak. The muscles break down and are replaced with fatty deposits
over time. The most common form of MD is called Duchenne muscular
MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS):
A disorder of the central nervous system of unknown cause in which
the body's immune system attacks myelin in the brain and spinal
cord. Whether the disease manifests in repeated episodes of inflammation
or as a chronic condition, it results in multiple scars, or scleroses,
on the myelin sheath, leading to impairment or loss of nerve function.
Have a decreased range or variety of foods they eat, child
will eat 30 or more foods. Eats the same food, the same way, all the time causes temporary
burn out and the child refuses this particular food, these foods
are usually accepted again after a two-week break. New foods on plate are tolerated and touched or tasted, even
if reluctantly. Child eats at least one food from each food texture group.
Have a restricted range or variety of foods they eat, usually
less than 20 different foods. Eating the same food, the same way, all the time causes permanent
burn out and the child will not resume eating this food even after
a break. Child cries and “falls apart” when presented with
new foods. Child refuses entire categories of food textures.
The unconscious perception of sensations coming form one’s
joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments that allow the brain to
know where each body part is and how it is moving.
Complex and inconstant responses developing from integration of
simultaneous sensory stimulation such as tactile, vestibular,
visual, and auditory.
Impairment in interpretation of the meaning of spoken and written
RECEPTIVE LANGUAGE DISORDER:
Impairment in understanding written or spoken language
Reflexes that through various receptors in the labyrinth, eyes,
muscles, or skin tend to bring an organism’s body into its
normal position in space and which resist any force acting to
put it into a false position; e.g., on it’s back.
Fight or flight
reaction to sensation that most others would consider non-noxious.
All of the information that we receive about the world comes to
us through our sensory system. Because many sensory processes
take place within the nervous system at an unconscious level,
we are not usually aware of them. Senses include: taste, smell,
sight, sounds, touch, and movement, force of gravity and body
position. A child and/or adult may not be organizing this information
in a functional manner and therefore development is delayed. Common
delays include but are not limited to: delays in speech/language,
delayed motor skills, hypersensitivities to sensory input, feeding
difficulties, sleeping disturbances, bowel and bladder difficulties.
SENSORY INTEGRATION DYSFUNCTION:
Difficulty with Central Nervous System processing or sensation,
especially vestibular, tactile, or proprioceptive, which is manifested
as poor praxis, poor modulation, or both.
SEQUENTIAL ORAL SENSORY (SOS)
Approach to Feeding:
A multidisciplinary program for assessing and treating children
with feeding and weight/growth difficulties. The SOS approach
integrates sensory, motor, oral, behavioral/learning, medical
and nutritional factors in order to evaluate and manage children
with feeding/growth problems.
Relationship of the skeletal parts of the body to each other and
to objects in the environment.
Perception and identification of the form and nature
of an object through the sense of touch.
Quality of being unable to tolerate touch; resistive
and uncomfortable at certain kinds of touch (believed to be a
form of sensory integrative dysfunction)
A program designed to increase the function of the vestibular-cochlear
system in the inner ear. The vestibular–cochlear system
detects sound and position of the head in space. It impacts the
ability to hear and listen as well as muscle tone, postural control,
balance, coordination, visual spatial skills and attention. The
Therapeutic Listening Program is administered and designed for
each client, by an Occupational Therapist certified in Therapeutic
The sensory system that responds to the position of the head and
body movement and coordinates movements of the eyes, head, and
body; contributes to posture and the maintenance of the stable
visual field. Receptors are located in the inner ear.